Low Back Pain and the Psychosocial Factors At Work among A Population of NursesName : Dr. Wissal Benhassine
Affliation : Faculty Of Medicine
University : University Of Batna
Country : Algeria
Background: Caregivers are among the most exposed workers to musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD) risks, mainly the back pain. It is a real public health problem when it becomes chronic. The low back pain has many causes: congenital, mechanical or psychological. It is because nursing is very demanding both physically and psychologically, we want to evaluate the relation between psychosocial factors and the low back pain. The aim of this study is to demonstrate the low back pain that present nurses has a psychological cause. The objectives are to assess the prevalence of the low back pain among a population of nurses, then to evaluate the correlation between the low back pain and the psychosocial factors.
Materials and Methods: musculo-skeletal disorders, nurses of an eastern Algerian department are asked about the low back pain, the psychosocial factors and their satisfaction at work through four models (Job Contents Questionnary, efforts rewards imbalance, Leymann inventory of psychological terror. A Likert scale estimates the satisfaction at work. The statistical measures are descriptive and analytical. Univariate and multivariate analysis are used too.
Results: 46% of nurses (n=1338) complain about low back pain. A significant correlation between this MSD and the most of psychosocial factors is reported. The risk increases by 1.5 in the case of imbalance efforts/rewards and by 2.1 when over investment is associated. Harassement at workplace increases the risk by 4.1. The dissatisfaction is significantly related to back pain (OR =1.5 [1.19 – 1.89] p<0.001).
Conclusion: This study showed that musculo-skeletal Disorders of which low back pain is related to mental health in caregivers population. Work organizations should take preventives measures in order to improve working conditions in hospitals.
Biography: Dr. Wissal Benhassine has completed her Ph. D. in occupational medicine. She is a ergonomist, researcher member in "Laboratory for infectious risk management in healthcare". Her doctorat thesis was about the mental health among a population of nurses. She is currently working as Chief of occupational healthcare department of the University Hospital of Batna, Algeria.