Attitudes of nurses and physicians on death and euthanasiaName : Dr. Magfiret Kara
Affliation : Professor
University : University of Atatürk
Country : Turkey
This study was carried out as descriptive with the aim of determining the thoughts and ideas of the physicians, nurses and fatal patients about the death and euthanasia. The population of the study consisted of 109 patients who have fatal diseases in Surgery and Internal Medicine Clinics of Ataturk University Süleyman Demirel Medicine Center Yakutiye Research Hospital and 55 nurses and 66 physicians who work in these clinics. As the whole of physicians, nurses and patients were included in the study; any sampling method wasn’t conducted. In the collection of the data, questionnaire form was used with the aim of determining the ideas and thoughts and socio-economic features of patients, nurses and physicians about the death and euthanasia. It was found out that 37.6% of the patients were under 40 years and 61.5% of them were female, and that 36.7% of them was primary school graduate, and 75.2% of them were married. 42.2% of the patients defined the death as the wish of the God, and 17.4% of them defined as infiniteness, and 15.6% of them defined as a fresh life and migration. It was detected that 56.9% of the patient was given knowledge about their illness and prognosis of their illness and that 47.7% of them accepted from physician 71.5% of the patients wanted to learn their fatal illnesses, and in case of fatal illness, that 88.1% of the patients wanted to die at home, and, in case of fatal illness, that 66.1% of the patients preferred the death. It was found out that 49.1% of the nurses and 25.8% of the physicians defined the death as the loss of functions and the end of life, and that 65.5% of the nurses and 74.2% of the physicians wanted to give care the fatal patients, and that 70.9% of the nurses and 48.2% of the physicians found insufficient education that they received.
It was determined that 65.7% of the nurses 63.5% of physicians the didn’t approve of euthanasia due to their beliefs. It was found out that 27.3% of the nurses and 10.6of the physicians supported active euthanasia, and that 9.1% of the nurses and 19.7% of the physicians supported passive euthanasia.
Dr. Magfiret Kara obtained her PhD from University of Istanbul. Currently, she is a professor at the Faculty of Nursing in the University of Atatürk. Her research interests include care of chronic illness, nursing education, nursing ethics and nursing theories. Dr. Magfiret Kara has published numerous publications in reputed journals as well as national and international presentations. She is involved in several research projects and a reviewer in many nursing journals.